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United States v. Lancaster

United States District Court, D. North Dakota

December 8, 2017

United States of America, Plaintiff,
v.
Christopher Alan Lancaster, Defendant.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          ALICE R. SENECHAL, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         An Amended Petition alleges that Christopher Alan Lancaster violated conditions of supervised release by using alcohol. On request of the chief district judge, this court held a hearing on that petition on December 4, 2017. At the hearing, Lancaster admitted to the violations charged.

         The government recommends that Lancaster's supervised release be revoked, that he be sentenced to a term of custody of eight months, with credit for time served since November 20, 2017, and that no additional term of supervised release be ordered after completion of the term of custody. Lancaster asks that supervised release be continued and that he be ordered to complete an alcohol abuse treatment program. Alternatively, if supervised release is revoked, Lancaster urges that a term of custody be four months rather than eight months, and he asks for placement in a North Dakota correctional facility.

         Facts

         Lancaster pled guilty to the crime of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon, and, in 2013, he was sentenced to a term of 60 months in custody, followed by a term of three years of supervised release.

         Both charges in the current petition involve use of alcohol. The first incident occurred on November 16, 2017. The supervising probation officer had directed Lancaster to report to the Lake Region Residential Reentry Center (LRRRC) on that date, but when he did so, his blood alcohol concentration (BAC) was 0.17, and the LRRRC refused to accept him. The supervising probation officer then filed a petition, and a warrant was issued. The second incident occurred on November 19, 2017, when Lancaster was arrested on the federal warrant. At the time of his arrest, his BAC was 0.235.

         At the hearing, Lancaster personally addressed the court and freely admitted his alcohol abuse and his need for help to deal with the disease. He said that he is “ready for help.” He described situations he feels contributed to his relapse-his girlfriend was diagnosed with cancer, and he himself was the victim of a serious assault.

         Prior to filing the current petition, the supervising probation officer had implemented several lesser measures to address Lancaster's alcohol abuse. When Lancaster told the supervising officer-two months after the incident-that he had been assaulted and, as a consequence of the assault, had contact with law enforcement, he acknowledged that he had consumed alcohol at the time he was assaulted. That admission, and other reports of Lancaster's alcohol use, led to an earlier petition. (Doc. #48). But, the earlier petition was dismissed without a hearing when Lancaster agreed to a placement at LRRRC.

         Lancaster was at LRRRC from April 17, 2017 until June 19, 2017. While at LRRRC, Lancaster secured employment with a local farmer, obtained a residence, maintained sobriety, completed an engagement group, and received counseling. But, Lancaster did not continue with counseling after release from LRRRC. Within a month after his release from LRRRC, Lancaster was again using alcohol. Consequently, the supervising probation officer arranged for electronic alcohol monitoring for two months, and Lancaster again did well. The supervising probation officer discontinued use of the alcohol monitoring device on October 31, 2017.

         Within two weeks after the alcohol monitoring device was discontinued, Lancaster was using alcohol again. Consequently, the supervising probation officer ordered that he report to Lake Region Human Services Center (LRHSC) on November 16, 2017 for a substance abuse evaluation and that he report to LRRRC after the LRHSC evaluation. As discussed above, when Lancaster reported for the substance abuse evaluation, his BAC was 0.17. The supervising probation officer then filed a petition, and when Lancaster was arrested on November 19, 2017 because of the petition, his BAC was 0.235.

         LRHSC completed the substance abuse evaluation on November 16th and recommended ASAM Level 3.1 low intensity residential treatment and mental health programming for Lancaster. ASAM's website describes Level 3.1 treatment:

Called Clinically Managed Low-Intensity Residential Services, this adolescent and adult level of care typically provides a 24 hour living support and structure with available trained personnel, and offers at least 5 hours of clinical service a week. Level 3 encompasses residential services that are described as co-occurring capable, co-occurring enhanced, and complexity capable services, which are staffed by designated addiction treatment, mental health, and general medical personnel who provide a range of services in a 24-hour living support setting.

http://asamcontinuum.org/knowledgebase/what-are-the-asam-levels-of-care/.

         The violation report states that Lancaster previously received substance abuse treatment in 2003, 2007, 2008, and 2010. The 2010 treatment is described as “intensive chemical dependency counseling, ” but details of the other treatment programs are not included in the violation report. (Doc. # 64, ¶21). Thus, it is not clear how ...


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