Submitted September 25, 2015
Appeal from United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri - Kansas City.
For United States of America, Plaintiff - Appellee: Lajuana M. Counts, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Philip M. Koppe, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Bruce A. Rhoades, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, Kansas City, MO.
Michael L. Bradford, also known as: Derrick Lamont Brown, Defendant - Appellant, Pro se, Florence, CO.
For Michael L. Bradford, also known as: Derrick Lamont Brown, Defendant - Appellant: Ronna Ann Holloman-Hughes, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Rebecca L. Kurz, Federal Public Defender's Office, Kansas City, MO.
Before WOLLMAN, COLLOTON, and KELLY, Circuit Judges.
WOLLMAN, Circuit Judge.
Michael L. Bradford pleaded guilty to two counts of being a felon in possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § § 922(g)(1) and 924(a)(2), and one count of distribution and possession with intent to distribute a mixture or substance containing PCP and marijuana, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) and (b)(1)(C). Bradford appeals, arguing that the district court erred in denying his motions for a subpoena ad testificandum and a subpoena duces tecum. We affirm.
In late 2011, a joint task force of federal and local authorities established a covert storefront operation. According to Special Agent Tyree Koerner of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the purpose of the operation was " [t]o take illegal firearms off the street."
Bradford sold or facilitated the sale of drugs and firearms to the storefront operation. In late September 2012, Bradford contacted an undercover agent and told him that a friend was willing to sell hand grenades. Bradford thereafter brought David LaBlance to the storefront, where Bradford facilitated the sale of a non-functioning grenade by LaBlance to an undercover agent. On October 30, 2012, LaBlance was found dead, having been shot twice in the head.
On November 1, 2012, Bradford called a confidential informant, ...